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Send commands to all panes in Tmux
Tmux is one of the most useful tool when it comes to using using a linux terminal.
Tmux is a terminal multiplexer, it allows a user to access multiple terminals (or windows), each running a separate program, while providing a single screen to work on. Tmux is useful for running more than one command-line program at the same time, increasing productivity and the way you work.
Let's consider a case where you have to send a command to all the panes in a window, for example - an ssh command to connect to a remote host, across all panes or another example is to clear history in all your panes).
Using prefix synchronize-panes command
You can use
<prefix> :setw synchronize-panes on to set the ability to send commands to all panes. All panes in the given window are all now synchronized to receive the same command.
Here, let's assume that your
Ctrl-B, which is the default prefix.
Let's take an example, let's say you want to clear history across all panes in a window. You can do the follow set of commands-
Ctrl-B : setw synchronize-panes on clear-history
To disable the synchronize-panes state, you can use the following command-
Ctrl-B : setw synchronize-panes off
off is optional. The command can also be used to toggle between the
off states. So, the below command can be used to toggle states-
Ctrl-B : setw synchronize-panes
Shortcut Ctrl-B, then, Ctrl-S
The default shortcut to synchronize panes is-
Custom Shortcut in ~/.tmux.conf
You can create a custom shortcut if
Ctrl-S is confusing. You can unbind the
Ctrl-S and add a new binding to another keypair, like
You can create a custom shortcut in your
unbind C-S bind C-Y set-window-option synchronize-panes
You have to reload changes in tmux config
tmux.conf so that it reflects-
tmux source-file ~/.tmux.conf
So, the new shortcut to synchronize panes is-
I hope you found this article useful, glad that you found it easy to send commands to all panes in a window in Tmux. You can also check out the complete tmux cheatsheet of keyboard shortcuts and mouse shortcuts.