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Create SHA3-512 Hash in Node.js

Create SHA3-512 Hash in Node.js

Encryption and hashing have served as the foundation for new security modules, among other network security developments. One of the most used hash algorithms is the Secure Hash Algorithm(SHA) with a digest size of 512 bits, or SHA 512. Although there are numerous variations, SHA 512 has been the most often used in practical applications.

SHA-3 (Secure Hash Algorithm 3) is the latest member of the Secure Hash Algorithm family of standards. Although part of the same series of standards, SHA-3 is internally different from the MD5-like structure of SHA-1 and SHA-2. SHA-3 instances are drop-in replacements for SHA-2, intended to have identical security properties. The SHA-3 family consists of six hash functions with digests (hash values) that are 128, 224, 256, 384 or 512 bits: SHA3-224, SHA3-256, SHA3-384, SHA3-512, SHAKE128, SHAKE256.

The SHA-3 or Keccak algorithm is one of the most secure and efficient hashing algorithms and some claim that it won’t be cracked in the next 20 - 30 years. Developments in the quantum computing world might decrease that time frame but it is still one of the best hashing algorithm we have got right now.

The hash function generates the same output hash for the same input string. This means that, you can use this string to validate files or text or anything when you pass it across the network or even otherwise. SHA3-512 can act as a stamp or for checking if the data is valid or not.

The 512 in the name SHA3-512 refers to the final hash digest value, meaning that regardless of the amount of plaintext or cleartext, the hash value will always be 512 bits.

For example -

Input StringOutput Hash
hi154013cb8140c753f0ac358da6110fe237481b26c75c3ddc1b59eaf9dd7b46a0a3aeb2cef164b3c82d65b38a4e26ea9930b7b2cb3c01da4ba331c95e62ccb9c3
debugpointerac09d8e98cd7d60927600334167ca22a79fad316a8af4fdc1d076c6cfe72c44778cc47223eb296f3ddc13dcfd4bb395f6346c0f29f2f2f4a46f4d9bcee63d1df
computer science is amazing! I love it.308a9fd755db73031ddae5f58734c8b57db3bc5ea24bfc6de7df962158e24bbe697219a72ccdeaa03c1848f2c35ef46d050ec0b678465de309e8a43bdf248c64

If you want to generate SHA3-512 checksum in JavaScript i.e., client side (browser), please follow this article - Create SHA3-512 Hash in JavaScript

Node.js crypto module provides cryptographic functions to help you secure code and data in Node.js. It includes a set of wrappers for OpenSSL’s hash, HMAC, cipher, decipher, sign, and verify functions.

crypto is built into Node.js, so there is not configuration or custom implementation needed.

For creating SHA3-512 hash in nodejs script/code, we shall use the default crypto module that comes packaged with nodejs.

Creating SHA3-512 Hash of a String

You can either require the crypto module-

const crypto = require("crypto")

or also use the modern import to import the crypto module-

import { createHash } from "crypto"
import { createHash } from "crypto"
const yourString = "This works"
const hash = createHash("sha3-512").update(yourString).digest("hex")
console.log(hash)

The output of the above script will be an SHA3-512 hash when you run the command node index.js in your shell-

d847a8a72496900d82e8f6ef89587f4cef974c6220a38ac2dc715753d36a3e8b0020603f4bb0c8c2072383c3cb83735e06481a0a618b0bfb733f72a5c8a81ff5

Creating SHA3-512 Hash of a Password

In case you are looking at creating an SHA3-512 hash of a password, which is the most common use-case of hashing, you can use the createHash function and update the password variable and create a hex digest of it.

Here is an example of creating SHA3-512 hash of a password variable.

import { createHash } from "crypto"
const password = "Hello@123"
const passhash = createHash("sha3-512").update(password).digest("hex")
console.log(passhash)

The output of the above script will be an SHA3-512 hash when you run the command node index.js in your shell-

dcda1dde9fb10da7fd41ef1565bd4080eb4abe848759842c8133bae138b8b9922ac6dc2c6dc118b0410d795999f486f1642a0c3215768fbc03f8115770bdd82d
```

Passwords can also be [SHA3-512 hashed in the frontend JavaScript](/javascript/create-sha3-512-hash-in-javascript), but, its not advised to do it in the frontend, as your hash is now known to the attacker, eventually leading to a security breach.

The above code just produced SHA3-512 hash of the string alone, but, to strengthen the security you can also generate [SHA3-512 hash with salt](/nodejs/create-sha3-512-hash-with-salt-in-nodejs) as well.

If you looking [to create an SHA3-512 hash of a file](/nodejs/create-sha3-512-hash-of-file-in-nodejs), please follow the article where we discuss as to how to read a file buffer and create the hash.

Prefer [SHA3-256](/nodejs/create-sha3-256-hash-in-nodejs) or SHA3-512 or other superior cryptographic hash functions for creating a hash for passwords, integrity verification.

It's as simple as that! You do not need any fancy npm library for creating an SHA3-512 hash in Node.js.

I'm glad that you found the content useful. Happy Coding.