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Create MD5 Hash of a string in Python

Create MD5 Hash of a string in Python

MD5 is (atleast when it was created) a standardized 1-way function that takes in data input of any form and maps it to a fixed-size output string, irrespective of the size of the input string.

Though it is used as a cryptographic hash function, it has been found to suffer from a lot of vulnerabilities.

The hash function generates the same output hash for the same input string. This means that, you can use this string to validate files or text or anything when you pass it across the network or even otherwise. MD5 can act as a stamp or for checking if the data is valid or not.

For example -

Input StringOutput Hash
hi49f68a5c8493ec2c0bf489821c21fc3b
debugpointerd16220bc73b8c7176a3971c7f73ac8aa
computer science is amazing! I love it.f3c5a497380310d828cdfc1737e8e2a3

MD5 hash of a String in Python

MD5 hash can be created using the python's default module hashlib. There are many more hash functions defined in the hashlib library.

The process of creating an MD5 hash in python is very simple. First import hashlib, then encode your string that you want to hash i.e., converts the string into the byte equivalent using encode(), then pass it through the hashlib.md5() function. We print the hexdigest value of the hash m, which is the hexadecimal equivalent encoded string.

Working code example-

import hashlib

text = 'Hello!'

m = hashlib.md5(text.encode('UTF-8'))
print(m.hexdigest())

Output of the above code-

d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e

The value you see here d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e is the MD5 hash of the string Hello!.

The functions used in the above code-

  • encode() : Converts the string into bytes to be acceptable by hash function.
  • hexdigest() : Returns the encoded data in hexadecimal format.

You can also update the value of the string and check it as well if needed. This can be used to strengthen the hash logic in your workflow where you can append strings in certain order and see if your hash matched the source hash.

import hashlib

text = 'Hello!'

m = hashlib.md5()
print(m.hexdigest())
m.update(b"Have Fun!")
print(m.hexdigest())
m.update(text.encode('UTF-8'))
print(m.hexdigest())

Output of the above code-

24187a7aa74385955a8546c99e0c2b6a

As you see, the MD5 hash of a string using Python is as simple as this code.

In case you are looking to create MD5 hash of a file or a blob check out this article.

NOTE : Please do not use this to hash passwords and store it in your databases, prefer SHA-256 or SHA-512 or other superior cryptographic hash functions for the same.

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Let me summarize creating a hash in python, so that it becomes easy for you to refer-

I'm glad that you found the content useful. Happy Coding.