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Create SHA256 Hash of a string in Python
SHA256 is (atleast when it was created) a standardized 1-way function that takes in data input of any form and maps it to a fixed-size output string, irrespective of the size of the input string.
A salt is a randomly generated string of characters that is used as an additional input to a one-way hash function. Salts are used to protect against dictionary attacks and rainbow table attacks.
The SHA256 hash with salt is generated by concatenating the salt to the password and then hashing the resulting string. The salt is then appended to the generated hash to form the complete hash. This complete hash is then stored in the database. When a user attempts to login, the salt is retrieved from the database and used to generate a hash from the provided password. The generated hash is then compared to the hash stored in the database. If the two hashes match, the user is authenticated.
We can create an SHA256 hash of a string in Python without using an hash as well. In this article we will create a hash by using a salt.
The method below is for creating it in Python i.e., on the server side.
SHA256 hash with salt in Python
SHA256 hash can be created using the python's default module
hashlib. There are many more hash functions defined in the
The process of creating an SHA256 hash in python is very simple. First import hashlib, then encode your string that you want to hash i.e., converts the string into the byte equivalent using encode(), then pass it through the
hashlib.sha256() function. Here, we also concat the salt. We print the
hexdigest value of the hash
m, which is the hexadecimal equivalent encoded string.
Working code example-
import hashlib text = 'Hello!' salt = '80zzm081sr@nd0m' m = hashlib.sha256(text.encode('UTF-8') + salt.encode('UTF-8')) print(m.hexdigest())
Output of the above code-
The value you see here
5163363675bb7266e6cb8f09b5e0434112a23b122c4cf4fd3b40da7c27ceca20 is the SHA256 hash of the string
Hello! with salt
The functions used in the above code-
- encode() : Converts the string into bytes to be acceptable by hash function.
- hexdigest() : Returns the encoded data in hexadecimal format.
As you see, the SHA256 hash of a string with salt using Python is as simple as this code.
In case you are looking to create SHA256 hash of a file or a blob check out this article.
I'm glad that you found the content useful. Happy Coding.