An alphabet is a unit of information that represents a single letter i.e., from a-z or A-Z. In this article let's understand how we can create a regex for alphabet and how regex can be matched for a given alphabet.
Regex (short for regular expression) is a powerful tool used for searching and manipulating text. It is composed of a sequence of alphabets that define a search pattern. Regex can be used to find patterns in large amounts of text, validate user input, and manipulate strings. It is widely used in programming languages, text editors, and command line tools.
Structure of a alphabet
The alphabet should have the following criteria and structure-
- an alphabet is a unit of information that represents a single letter from a-z or A-Z
- It can contain only alphabets.
Regex for checking if only alphabets is valid or not
Regular Expression for alphabet-
Test string examples for the above regex-
|Input String||Match Output|
|12G||does not match|
|2||does not match|
|;||does not match|
Note the i modifier in the regex takes care of the UPPERCASE letters.
Here is a detailed explanation of the above regex-
/^[a-z]+$/igm ^ asserts position at start of a line Match a single alphabet present in the list below [a-z] + matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy) a-z matches a single alphabet in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case insensitive) $ asserts position at the end of a line Global pattern flags m modifier: multi line. Causes ^ and $ to match the begin/end of each line (not only begin/end of string) g modifier: global. All matches (don't return after first match) i modifier: insensitive. Case insensitive match (ignores case of [a-zA-Z])
Hope this article was useful to check if the string are valid alphabets or not.